Compressed Work Scheduling
Childcare Support
Leave Policies
Work-Life Balance
Social Exchange Theory

How to Cite

Farah, S. (2023). A QUANTITATIVE APPROACH TO THE WORK-LIFE BALANCE OF WORKING MOTHERS IN PAKISTAN. Global Journal for Management and Administrative Sciences, 4(2), 31–41. Retrieved from https://gjmasuok.com/index.php/gjmas/article/view/191


Working mothers have been facilitated in organizations around the globe for a while, but they have not yet been discussed or researched well in the context of Pakistan. This issue is merely highlighted and resolved from the management side. This thesis investigates the effect of compressed work scheduling, childcare support, and leave policies on the work-life balance of working mothers. The theory that supported this idea was the Social Exchange theory, which states that positive/harmful behavior practices from anyone in the organization give back similar behavior in employee-supervisor/management relationships. The sample comprises 540 mother employees from Karachi. Online and printed survey questionnaires were used for data collection. The results of direct effects showed a significant relation between compressed work scheduling, leave policies, and work-life balance and an insignificant relation between childcare support and work-life balance. The results of the study propose that organizations can reap benefits from compressed work scheduling plans and better organizational leave policies. This study suggests that organizations should provide enhanced support, restructure policies according to different needs, and instigate adaptable work-life balance policies.



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